Latest trends in every technology help in making the world a better place to live. Here are the 10 of them that will probably be the most striking technologies in 2020.
Table of Contents
1. Artificial Intelligence
In 2020, artificial intelligence will continue its technological evolution and new use cases will emerge. Learn about AI trends and predictions for the year ahead.
Artificial intelligence saw a spectacular evolution in 2019, and the exploits achieved thanks to this technology did not stop making headlines. Here’s how AI should continue to evolve in 2020
Artificial intelligence and machine learning will automate many professional and everyday tasks, from truck driving to ship piloting, handling customer calls – and even conducting rudimentary conversations with them.
What we don’t talk enough about, however, is the real impact on the jobs of AI creators and administrators themselves – developers, analysts and data administrators and everyone in the business. the orbit of information technology is responsible for developing these revolutionary systems. In fact, AI will play a role in overcoming the challenges of AI development.
IT and data professionals have a lot to gain from the AI revolution. Some observers see the roles of IT managers and IT professionals becoming greater commercial responsibilities as they have been relieved of much of the tedious work of AI.
2. Internet Of Things (IoT)
Internet of Objects can be defined as a “global infrastructure. Which allows having advanced services by interconnecting objects (physical or virtual) thanks to information technologies and communication ”mentions the International Telecommunication Union.
In detail, the Internet of Things device offers, on the one hand, objects equipped with sensors (temperature, pressure, brightness, consumption measurement, etc.) connected to the Internet in order to collect remote data regularly. data. In addition, the network which allows the connection and the transport of the data produced by the connected objects are in the full structure.
This network can be dedicated. It is then characterized by a mesh of low-consumption, long-range antennas and relaying a low bit rate. It can also be joined to current data networks, such as Edge or 4G, within the framework of 3GPP specifications. Objects connected by an Internet network can also interact with each other.
Taking up the basics of M2M (Machine 2 Machine), this process promises to set up an ecosystem of software objects working in an automated manner. The first applications of the Internet of Things are found in the logistics sectors (RFID and NFC chips). The field of smart cities should take full advantage of the uses of the Internet of Things (air quality, temperature, noise level, condition of buildings).
Home automation is also a sector fond of the Internet of Things (thermostat, smoke, presence detectors, etc.), especially on the aspects of smart meters and security systems. Finally, the health sector could be upset by the establishment of an ecosystem of connected objects.
3. Virtual Reality (VR)
Virtual reality or VR is an immersive, visual, sound and/or haptic interactive computer simulation of real or imaginary environments.
To achieve its immersive objective, the vector of virtual reality takes the form of glasses or a helmet connected to a smartphone or a computer.
Virtual reality became a commercial reality in 2016 with the launch of several consumer products such as Facebook’s Oculus Rift, and Vive d’HTC which offer very advanced experiences, particularly in games or for professional applications through headsets connected to PCs. Samsung offers the Gear VR, a cheaper device connected to a smartphone.
Blockchain is a shared registry technology. Unalterable, it is decentralized and does not need a single controlling authority. There are public blockchains, open to everyone, and private blockchains, with limited and controlled access.
By definition, Blockchain is a technology for storing and transmitting information, the advantages of which are transparency, security and decentralized control. It is a database which contains the history of all the exchanges made between its users since its creation.
Among the projects made possible by the Blockchain we can cite cryptocurrencies (bitcoin, ethereum, monero etc.) but the blockchain can be used for other applications. Many experts believe today that it will be the basis of the next technological revolution.
Also called IT security or systems security, cybersecurity consists in protecting the integrity of data, sensitive or not, within a digital infrastructure.
From the installation of antivirus to the configuration of servers, multi-factor authentication when connecting to an account or even the guarding of data centres, cybersecurity is a vast field. For businesses, the law today requires the implementation of technical and organizational means aimed at protecting information.
In recent years, cyberattacks have multiplied, taking new forms, from simple viruses to ransomware, which is particularly growing.
6. Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is a technology that allows remote access – via the Internet – to IT resources. These resources are part of the infrastructure (server, storage and network; it is then an IaaS offer for “Infrastructure as a Service”) or software (we then speak of SaaS for “Software as a Service”).
This new way of consuming IT leads to a change in the economic model: resources are rented and billing smoothed in the form of a subscription. It also leads to an increase in the number of data centres.
If the public cloud defines elastic infrastructures made available by a service provider outside the company, the private cloud evokes a logic of consumption of internal resources on demand. Finally, the hybrid cloud is a model that brings together the two types of cloud previously mentioned in an entity that combines the advantages and limits of the two architectures.
In this same field, we see multicoloured developing more and more, allowing companies to juggle between the services of several suppliers, and posing the problem of supplier interoperability.
7. Big Data
Big Data is a concept born in the late 1990s and it describes the storage of infinite information on a digital basis. It also means such a large set of data that no conventional database management tool can fully analyze it.
If no precise or universal definition is given to Big Data, it can be conceptualized in the form of a giant and evolving database. Big Data relies on data storage technologies and cloud computing to host this information, as well as data processing technologies to analyze it. Oracle, IBM, Google, Atos, SAS or Criteo are all big data players, each intervening at different levels.
8. Networks & Telecoms
A telecommunications network is a network of telecommunications links and nodes (switches, routers, etc.), set up so that messages can be transmitted from one end of the network to the other through multiple links.
The fixed telephone network is called a switched telephone network and is based on copper links. It is expected to disappear around the 2020s replaced by an all IP (Internet Protocol) network.
Today, there are mainly two types of networks: the fixed Internet network (ADSL, optical fibre) of boxes, which allows Wi-Fi and Ethernet connections, and the cellular network (3G, 4G and soon 5G ) mobile devices to connect to the Internet from anywhere.
It’s an exciting time to work in the robotics industry. Driven by the growing diversification of the industry, the global sector, whose revenues today total more than $ 100 billion, has experienced rapid growth in recent years.
Industrial robots are no longer the exclusive pre-square of heavy industry or large factories. Collaborative robots, in particular, have helped to broaden the corporate customer base to include medium and even small businesses.
But is this golden age coming to an end? We spoke with Chris Harlow, director of product development at Realtime Robotics, about his predictions for 2020 and beyond. For him, if the good period that the sector is going through should continue, it will not last in all markets.
Particularly with regard to collaborative robots (or “cobots”), these small units have contributed to the expansion of industrial automation beyond large factories. “Demand for robots has peaked due to reduced functionality and capacity,” said Chris Harlow. According to him “by 2025, manufacturers will no longer invest in these systems, and traditional cobots will be replaced by better technology for the human-robot work cell”.
Mobility means who can move, change place, function. In terms of technology, mobility, therefore, covers all devices that do not have a fixed location and can be used in several places: laptop, smartphone, tablet, wearable …
The most mobile devices for professional use are smartphones and tablets, which guarantee access wherever you are, especially thanks to cellular communication technologies (3G, 4G and soon 5G). There are three operating systems for these mobile devices: iOS (Apple), Android (Google), and Windows (Microsoft), for Surface tablets only.